Virgin Galactic completed its first powered flight in nearly four years on Thursday when Richard Branson’s space company launched its Unity spacecraft by rocket power, reaching supersonic speeds before safely landing.
Unity took off from the Mojave Air and Space Port, lifted by the jet-powered mothership Eve. It landed there more than hour later. It was the fifth powered test flight of the SpaceShipTwo design, and the first since the fatal crash of Spaceship Enterprise on Oct. 31, 2014, reports Spaceflight Now.
The spacecraft underwent extensive engine testing and seven glide tests before Virgin Galactic said it was ready for a powered test flight — a crucial milestone before the company begins sending tourists to the edge of the atmosphere.
A two-member crew piloted Unity in Thursday’s test. During the test, Unity was expected to fire its engines for up to 30 seconds. Branson said in a tweet that the flight reached Mach 1.6, more than 1½ times the speed of sound.
The original SpaceShipTwo craft was built by experimental aircraft developer Scaled Composites. In 2016, Virgin Galactic unveiled the version of the SpaceShipTwo design on which Unity is based, built by The Spaceship Company. A subsidiary of Virgin Group, The Spaceship Company made alterations to the design, intending to avoid a repeat of the 2014 accident. The company is also building two more spaceships, intended to become part of the Virgin fleet for taking people to the edge of space.
Future passengers who are willing to pay $250,000 will be taken up with help from the spacecraft’s mothership. When it reaches a certain altitude, the Virgin Galactic craft will launch into space around 68 miles above the Earth’s surface, before re-entering the planet’s atmosphere.
Branson’s space companies recently got a boost from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which announced intentions to invest $1 billion in Virgin Galactic, The Spaceship Company and Virgin Orbit. At the time of the announcement, Branson said Virgin Galactic was near its intended goal.
“We are now just months away from Virgin Galactic sending people into space and Virgin Orbit placing satellites around the Earth,” Branson said.
For more information on Virgin Galactic, visit their website here.
Mr Americana, Overpasses News Desk
April 5th, 2018