Adolf Hitler’s plans to blow up London with a nuclear bomb very nearly succeeded, a new documentary has revealed.
A Nazi ship with the secret mission of transporting heavy water – an ingredient used for nuclear reactors – has been found by scientists and naval historians in Norway.
The 170ft Hydro ferry, which Winston Churchill ordered to be sank in 1944, has been dragged up from the bottom of a 460-feet Norwegian lake near Oslo.
Churchill was unaware of the ship’s purpose but ordered its sinking anyway, a choice that is now believed to have saved Britain’s capital city.
The National Geographic series “Drain the Oceans” sees teams discover 40 barrels of heavy water when they virtually lifted the vessel.
This quantity of heavy water would have been more than enough to catapult Germany on her way to becoming a nuclear power.
Naval historian professor Eric Gove told the Daily Telegraph: “After the war, those involved in the German nuclear program said that the loss of heavy water was absolutely decisive. It stopped their reactor program in its tracks.”
Norway became a target of the Allies after it began producing water in 1934, above Lake Tinn at Vemork.
Five years later, in 1939, the country began its “uranium club.” Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann had placed Germany at the head of the pack in the nuclear race after they discovered fission.
Fission is the radioactive decay process where an atom’s nucleus splits into smaller parts.
The scientists needed heavy water in order to control the fission process.
After Hitler invaded Norway in 1940, he ordered his troops to move straight for the nuclear plant in Vemork.
Consequently, Operation Gunnerside was launched in 1943 after Britain feared Hitler would use this substance against his enemies.
Despite blowing up the plant while the Hydro was sunk, the Norwegians did not destroy all the Germany supply of heavy water the Nazis began to move the following year by train and ferry.
However, Churchill was already a move ahead.
He and his generals had already ordered their Norway counterparts to attach a bomb to the vessel.
The mission was later documented in The Heroes of Telemark.
“Drain the Ocean” will appear on National Geographic every week since Sept. 6.
Well now you can, at a visual effects museum in Indonesia! Yes, you can can pose for a snap with a wax Adolf Hitler, against a banner depicting the Auschwitz death camp. Aren’t you thrilled?
I hope not…
Museum owners think it’s fun, while HRW and a US Jewish organization called it “sickening” and “wrong.”
De Mata, the entertainment museum behind the controversial display, placed a wall-sized photo of the entrance to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp with the infamous inscription “Arbeit macht freit” (Work sets you free).
In front of the banner, a wax sculpture of the Nazi German leader Adolf Hitler stands in a dominant posture.
“Everything about it is wrong. It’s hard to find words for how contemptible it is,” AP quoted Rabbi Abraham Cooper, an associate dean from the US Simon Wiesenthal Center, which advocates against anti-Semitism and Holocaust denial.
“The background is disgusting. It mocks the victims who went in and never came out,” he added, referring to at least 1.1 million prisoners who died at the Nazi’s largest murder complex of Auschwitz between 1940 and 1945.
The Hitler figure is “one of the favorite for our visitors to take selfies with,” said a marketing officer in the museum who goes by the name of Warli. “Most of our visitors are having fun because they know this is just an entertainment museum.” The Yogyakarta museum hasn’t received any complaints about the figure, displayed since 2014, he added, saying he was aware of the crimes Hitler committed.
Human Rights Watch has, too, lashed out at the installation, calling it “sickening.” The figure represents a widespread anti-Jewish attitude in a Muslim-majority country, believes the HRW’s Indonesia researcher, Andreas Harsono. The Indonesian Jewish community is rather modest, accounting for some 200 synagogue-goers, according to the United Indonesian Jewish Community, as the Times of Israel reported.
After Cooper criticized the business for exploiting the Nazism theme for revenue, branding it “inexcusable,” the museum officer promised to discuss the calls to remove the figure with management and the owner. “We will follow the best advice and the response from the public. Let people judge whether the character is good or bad,” Warli said.
Established near the Polish city of Oswiecim in 1940, the Auschwitz concentration camp complex saw at least 1.3 million people deported there. Nearly 1 million Jews, 74,000 Poles, 21,000 Roma and 15,000 Soviet prisoners were exterminated mainly in gas chambers of what became the deadliest of the Nazi mass murder sites. The Soviet Army liberated the camp on January 27, 1945, which now marks Holocaust Remembrance Day.
James E Windsor, Overpasses News Desk
September 25th, 2018